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Archon Definition Geography

Irenaeus tells us: “Sanctam Hebdomadem VII stellas, quas dictunt planetas, esse volunt.” It is therefore prudent to take the seven Gnostic names above as a designation for the seven planetary deities, the sun, the moon and the five planets. In the Mandean system, the seven are introduced with the Babylonian names of the planets. The connection of the Seven with the planets is also evident through the exposures of Celsus and Origen (Contra Celsum, vi. 2 2 seq.) and also through the passage quoted above in the Pistis Sophia, where the archons mentioned here as five are identified with the five planets (without sun or moon). In the following list of archons, the years in which the name of the archon is unknown are identified as such. The years listed as “anarchy” mean that there was literally “no archon.” There are various contradictory reconstructions of lists; The sources of this list are given at the end. Note that the duration of an archon covered two of our years, starting in spring or summer and continuing until the following spring or summer. The Polemarch or Strategoi, Basileus and Thesmothetai (the six assistants of the Archons) are also listed where they are known. From time to time, the laity of the Orthodox Church, in communion with the Patriarch of Constantinople, were given the title of Archon to honor their service to the administration of the Church. In 1963, archons were organized in the United States in a service society, the Order of St. Andrew. This status of Archon is not part of the ecclesiastical hierarchy and is purely voluntary. Ancient astronomy taught that above the seven planetary spheres, there was an eighth, the sphere of fixed stars.

[7] In the eighth sphere, these Gnostics taught, lived the mother to whom all these archons owed their origin, Sophia (wisdom) or Barbelo. In the language of these sects, the word Hebdomade refers not only to the seven Archons, but is also a place name that designates the celestial regions over which the seven Archons presided; while Ogdoad refers to the surviving regions that were beyond their control. According to the Athenian constitution, the archons were also responsible for organizing festivals by bringing together poets, playwrights, actors, and choregoi (wealthy citizen patrons) appointed by the city. The Archon began this process months before a festival by selecting a choir of three playwrights based on the descriptions of the projected plays. Each playwright was awarded a choregos, also chosen by the Archon, from among the wealthy citizens who would cover all the costs of costumes, masks and choir training. The Archon also assigned each playwright a lead actor (the protagonist) as well as a second and third actor. The city of Dionysia, a former drama festival in March where tragedy, comedy and satirical drama originated, was under the direction of one of the main judges, the eponymous archon. The title Megas Archon (“Great Archon”) is also attested, as a translation of foreign titles such as “Grand Prince”. In the middle of the 13th century, it was established as a special rank of the court, held by the highest official of the imperial company. It existed throughout the Palaiologos period, but had no specific functions. [6] “Archon” is colloquially used in modern Greek as άρχοντας (Archontas) for someone who holds some form of status or power,[7] and Arabic-speaking Copts use it in church jargon as a title for a leading member of the laity.

[Citation needed] Archon was the title of the Grand Officers of Sicily. [8] It can also be used as a title in brotherhoods and sororities. [Citation needed] It is the oath of the Archon to defend and promote the faith and tradition of the Orthodox Church. Its main concern is to protect and promote the Holy Patriarchate and its mission. He is also concerned about human rights and the well-being and general well-being of the Church. In 753 BC. J.-C., the Eternal Archonate is limited by the Eupatridae[21] to 10 years (the “Ten-year Archons”):[22] An archon lantern, dog and trumpet. During this period, the eponymous Archon was the chief judge, the Polemarch was the head of the armed forces, and the Archon Basileus was responsible for bourgeois religious arrangements.

After 683 BC. J.-C., the offices were occupied for only one year, and the year was named after the homonym Archon. (Many older calendar systems did not count their years.) Although the process of the next transition is unclear, after 487 BC. J.-C., the Archon ships were assigned to each citizen by lot and the military tasks of the Pole March were taken over by a new class of generals known as the strategoi. The polemarch then had only minor religious duties. The eponymous Archon remained the titular head of state under democracy, although of much less political importance. The archons were supported by “junior archons”, called Thesmothetai (pl. de thesmothetēs). After 457 BC The ancient archons were automatically enlisted as life members of the Areopagus, although this assembly no longer had much political importance at that time. [2] The Manicheans gladly adopted the Gnostic language; and their archons are invariably evil beings.

It is reported how the assistant of prehistoric man, the spirit of life, captured the evil archons and tied them to the firmament or, according to another account, threw them and formed the firmament from their skin,[12] and this idea is closely related to the other, although in this tradition the number (seven) of the archons is lost. Later Athenian tradition varies in the exact position of this lineage; They held the Archonate for life, sometimes called the “perpetual Archon,” and exercised the sacred powers of royalty, as archon Basileus later did. The historicity of any of these ancient lists can reasonably be questioned. Aristotle points out that Medon and Acasta may have ruled as king rather than as Archons. [9] Christians soon followed the Jewish precedent. In the 2nd century, the term appeared in several writers foreign to Gnosticism. The letter to Diognetus (7) speaks of God sending man “a preacher, an angel or an archon”, etc. Justin (Dial. 36) understands the command in Template:Bibleverse (ἄρατε πύλας οἱ ἄρχοντες ὑμῶν LXX.) to open the heavenly doors as addressed to the “god-appointed archons in heaven.” The first false sentence of the Ignatian epistles lists “celestial beings and the glory of angels and archons visible and invisible” (Ad Smyrn. 6), and again “celestial beings and angelic collocations and archonic constitutions” (i.e.

Order of provinces and functions), “visible and invisible things” (Ad Trall. 5); the meaning lost through the time of the interpolator, who in one case omits the word and gives it a political meaning in the other. Clementine sermons (xi. 10, ἐν ᾅδῃ. ὁ ἐκεῖ καθεστὼς ἄρχων) adopt and expand the N. T. usage. ; and call both good and bad (“right and left”) “powers” that control the destiny of every human being, “rulers” (Archons, VII. 3), although more often “rulers” (ἡγεμόνες). At present, the syncretism of later Greek philosophy has found room for the Archons. They are inserted by the author of the book De Mysteriis Aegyptiorum (ii.

3-9), and even it seems of his questioner porphyry, among the gods, demons, angels and archangels and on the heroes (omitted from the porphyry) and the deceased “souls”, on the scale of invisible beings whose presence can manifest. It may just be a coincidence that towards the end of the 2nd century “Archon” was one of the names that the Platonic harpocratation gave to Numenius` “Second God” (Proclus in Tim 93rd century). The Ophites accepted the existence of these seven Archons (Origen, Contra Celsum, vi. 31 ; an almost identical list can be found in On the Origin of the World):[8] During the last war, in 983 YK, Thrane summoned four Archons together to conduct their Great Eastern Campaign. These Archons, called the Messengers, each led a division: the Army of the Ascended, the Righteous Legion, the Legion of true brothers, and the Army of the Eastern Crusade; and the four Archons commanded 10,000 soldiers. The Archons led the Thrans to capture the cities of Eston and Kalazart. However, after receiving large suitcases of books and scrolls, the forces withdrew to Flamekeep, and the messengers disappeared. [3] At the beginning of the literary period of ancient Greece, the supreme magistrates of various Greek city-states were called Archons. [1] The term has also been used throughout Greek history in a more general sense, from “club leader” to “master of tables” in Syssitia to “Roman governor.” [Citation needed] Byzantine historians generally referred to foreign rulers as archons. [3] The rulers of the Bulgarians themselves, with their own titles, often bear the title of Archon, which was placed by God in inscriptions in Greek.